The Carrara marble remains undoubtedly one of the most beautiful.
The marble quarries were probably used during the Bronze Age by the primitive inhabitants of the region, to produce various utensils, decorative and commemorative objects to include in the sarcophagi with the deceased.
With the Romans develops the true extraction, and, from the time of Julius Caesar, it provides blocks of white marble for the public constructions of rome and numerous patrician mansions. The export is made by the port of Luni, hence its name of marmo lunense ("marble of Luni").
From the fifth century onwards, extractive activity underwent a period of "pause" following the barbarian invasions. Then, with the development of Christianity, the marble is in great demand for the construction and the internal organization of the religious edifices. The fervent activity of the quarries is due above all to the "Masters", among them Giovanni and Nicolas Pisano, who use it for their works in central Italy. Then marble is used by Michelangelo for his sculptures; He comes personally to choose the blocks to realize his works, but, for his David, if the block comes from Carrara it followed a path diverted among several sculptors (Agostino di Duccio and Antonio Rosellino) and finally finish in the workshop Of Michelangelo, less repelled by the faults of the block.